Public Health England is urging parents whose children have not yet been vaccinated against flu to do so before the winter flu season begins.

  • For the first time children in year four (aged eight and nine) will be added to the school vaccination programme.
  • The vaccination programme already covers children in Reception, Year 1, Year 2 and Year 3 (aged between 4 – 8) but now children in year four (aged 8-9) will also be able to get their free flu vaccination, in the form of a nasal spray, at school.
  • The added school year means that an extra 170,000 children can benefit from protection against the flu virus this coming winter.
  • Last year in the South West, an estimated 50% of children aged between 2 – 8 years missed out on getting the vaccine.
  • Full data tables of vaccine flu uptake figures broken down by local authority area can be found at the end of the press release.

Young children are particularly vulnerable to flu and are most likely to spread flu to others. Vaccinating them is one of the best ways to protect them and the wider community against flu.

Last year in the South West, an estimated 50% of children aged between 2 – 8 years missed out on getting the vaccine.

Age

Estimated percentage who missed out on vaccine

2 – 3 year olds

54.5

4 year olds

61.3

Year 1 (5-6 years)

41.6

Year 2 (6 -7 years)

46.1

Year 3 (7-8 years)

48.3

This year, nationally our ambitions are for 65% of all 2-8 year old to receive the vaccination.[1]

Flu and complications associated with it cause 8,000 deaths on average a year in England.[1]Around 6,000 of these are people with heart and lung disease.

 Dr Julie Yates, Screening and Immunisation lead for Public Health England South West, said:

“Vaccinating those who are most likely to get flu both protects them and offers indirect protection to the rest of the population by reducing the amount of virus circulating.

“Flu can be much more dangerous for children than many parents realise and when children get flu they tend to spread it around the whole family.

“The childhood flu vaccination programme is really beneficial in reducing the spread of the infection to other more vulnerable family members for whom flu can be very serious.”

Chief Medical Officer, Professor Dame Sally Davies, said:

“Any child can catch flu, thousands do every year and some end up in hospital as a result. Parents should not be complacent - the single most effective way to protect your children against flu this winter is to get them vaccinated with the simple nasal spray.

“Children can be super spreaders so getting them vaccinated not only protects them but also those around them.”

The national drive to encourage eligible people to get their flu vaccination is part of Stay Well This Winter, a joint initiative Public Health England and NHS England to help the most vulnerable people prepare for winter and avoid having to visit hospital due to common winter illnesses.

The drive also aims to encourage eligible people with long term health conditions to get the vaccine. People with respiratory diseases like COPD, emphysema or asthma are seven times more likely to die if they catch flu, and people with cardiovascular problems like chronic heart disease or angina, or who have had a stroke, are 11 times more likely compared to those who don’t. The risk is far worse for those with chronic liver disease, who are 48 times more likely to die if they get flu.[2]

Around 6.3 million people under 65 in England have a long-term health condition and are more at risk of suffering potentially fatal complications from flu.[3] Last year, uptake amongst high risk groups increased by 3.5% amongst eligible people. [4] This year, more people than ever (around 21 million) will be offered the vaccination.

Reducing flu transmission by children in the community can has been found to help cut the number of GP appointments and unplanned admissions for children and adults, reducing winter pressures on the NHS.

Last year, over 1,000 people were admitted to Intensive Care or High Dependency Units with confirmed flu last winter, with 133 of these cases being fatal.[5]

To get your vaccine or find out if you are eligible, contact your GP, pharmacist or midwife for more information. Visit nhs.uk/staywell for more details on how to help you and your family to stay well this winter.

The flu vaccination programme will be extended gradually to older age groups in primary school in future years.

Percentage vaccine uptake by local authority for 2,3 and 4 year old's broken down by local authority

Local Authority

 

 

 

2 year olds all % Vaccine Uptake

3 year olds  all % Vaccine Uptake

4 year olds all % Vaccine Uptake

Bath And North East Somerset

52.3

54.2

44.4

Gloucestershire

47.6

50.1

43.3

Swindon

39.0

43.7

35.2

Wiltshire

52.7

53.6

44.4

North Somerset

52.2

54.2

47.4

Somerset

46.9

46.8

40.0

Bristol, City Of

39.1

42.5

34.5

South Gloucestershire

53.9

57.6

45.9

Kernow (Cornwall and Isles of Scilly)

35.8

38.0

29.1

Devon

47.3

45.9

40.1

Plymouth

40.4

39.9

31.3

Torbay

38.3

43.2

33.9

Bournemouth

38.7

42.2

33.1

Dorset

46.3

45.3

37.5

Poole

45.6

46.3

40.5

South West average

45.0

46.9

38.7

 

Vaccine uptake for local authority area broken down into school years – year 1, year, 2 and year 3.

Local authority

Vaccine flu % uptake  at Yr 1 (age 5-6 years)

Vaccine flu % uptake at Y2 (age -6-7 years)

Vaccine flu % uptake at Y3 (aged 7-8 years)

Bath And North East Somerset

71.4

68.2

68.1

Gloucestershire

40

35.5

32

Swindon

36

30

29

Wiltshire

73.1

70.4

68.4

North Somerset

71

68

65.5

Somerset

65

62.6

61.5

Bristol, City Of

46.3

38.7

38

South Gloucestershire

60.9

51.8

50.6

Kernow (Cornwall and Isles of Scilly)

61.3

58

55.8

Devon

60

54.6

52.6

Plymouth

59.6

55.6

50.2

Torbay

57.6

57

51.9

Bournemouth

58

54

50.1

Dorset

63.8

59

57.7

Poole

61.8

59.5

55.7

South West average

59

55

52

 

 

[1] The 2016/17 vaccine uptake rates in children were:  

·         Children aged 2: 9%

·         Children aged 3: 5%

·         Children aged 4: 9%

[1] Green, H; Andrews N; Flemins, D; Zambon, M and Peabody, R. Mortality Attributable to Influenza in England and Wales prior to, during and after the 2009 Pandemic. 2013. PLOS. Available at: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/figure?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0079360.g002 [Accessed on 5 September 2017]

[2] Green Book, Chapter 19. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/456568/2904394_Green_Book_Chapter_19_v10_0.pdf.

[3] Public Health England (2015). Influenza Immunisation Programme for England. GP patient groups. Data collection survey season 2015 to 2016. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/544552/Seasonal_flu_GP_patient_groups_annual_report_2015_2016.pdf

[4]Public Health England https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/613452/Seasonal_influenza_vaccine_uptake_in_GP_patients_winter_season_2016_to_2017.pdf

[6] https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-2016-to-2017-estimates

[5] Public Health England (2017). Surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses in the United Kingdom: Winter 2016 to 2017. Available at www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/613493/Surveillance_of_influenza_and_other_respiratory_viruses_in_the_UK_2016_to_2017.pdf